Story of the object
The Articella is a collection of medical works which represents the most used handbook of medicine used in the universities from the XIIIth C. to the XVIth. The first impressed edition is on 1476 to its last edition 1534, the book counts with more than 18 editions, and has been impressed in the period of transition between from the manuscript to printed book between 1470 and 1530, when the universities became part of the book market and the Greek, Arabic, Latin Medicine it is published entirely in Latin. The Articella is a collection of medical treatises integrating basic elements of Hippocratic and Galenic medicine which became the essential knowledge of medical curriculum in the European universities. Its application started in the Salerno School around the XII-XIII centuries, when the text became the reference for the practical training of medical students. The Articella is a synthesis of the medicine of the Middle Age and an example of its syncretism, it includes several works of Ancient medicine, such as the Hipocratic Aphorismi and Prognostica, the Gelenic Tegni (Ars medica, Ars parva, Microtegni), the Isagoge of Ioannitius, two monographies (De urinis of Theophilus, De pulsibus of Philaretus) and ultimately the Hippocratic De Regimine acutorum morborum. With other parts of Avicenna’s Canon, and the aphorisms of Mesue and Arnau de Villanova became the most used handbook of the European Medical Schools of Middle Age, a phenomenon that can be compared to the Gray’s Anatomy or the Harrison’s Manual of Medicine.
Munchen, Bayerische Staatbibliothek, Clm 13111, sec XIII member in 4º 105 folios, printed in 1513. The printers are the Brothers Johannes and Gregorius (Venice, first edition on 1500 and a second edition on 1502) the book has been edited by the editor Gregorius a Vulpe a medical doctor who introduced some marginal notes to the princeps edition expressed in an aphoristic way (marginalia). This edition is improved by the commentaries of a medical practitioner Alovisius Malatinus whom scholar was the same Gregorius a Vulpe. Da Volpe signed 4th edition of the Articella the first on in Venice in 1502, it is printed in octavo. This edition includes the Ars medicine (a set of seven works about Hippocratic and Gelenic texts) and does not include the De regimine Acutorum morborum.