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This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This web site reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

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Ludovic Russ (1816 – 1888) - Austrian surgeon, head of the surgery service at the “Sf. Spiridon ”from Iași and professor at the Faculty of Medicine in Iași


Place where the object is located
Austria
Story of the object
The surgical activity of Dr. Ludovic Russ, based on his openness to new things (introduction of new techniques, principles of listerian asepsis and ether anesthesia, creation of a school) determined some authors to consider him the founder of Romanian scientific surgery. He performs large-scale surgeries, approaches vascular surgery (popliteal artery aneurysm, crosectomy for varicose veins of the lower limbs), practices cystotomies for bladder stones. As a first for even the most advanced schools of surgery of the time, he successfully performed the ablation of an ovarian tumor in 1875, on a 16-year-old patient. His name is also linked to the Iasi School of Surgery, created by him in 1863, in addition to the surgery department of “St. Spiridon” Hospital where he was a primary care physician, as well as the establishment of the Faculty of Medicine in Iasi and of the Department of Surgery.
One of the pioneering activities of the great surgeon, which aimed to raise the prestige of the Iasi medical center and create the climate for higher medical education was the course of Topographic Anatomy, Dressings and Instruments, which began on August 1, 1863, and included 14 lessons. Becoming a professor at the Faculty of Medicine, he contributed to the development of the surgery school then in its infancy, being considered "the greatest surgeon in the country". In recognition of his merits, at the first Congress of Romanian Physicians held in Bucharest in 1884, he was elected Honorary President. His achievements are also recognized at European level, his collection of stones from patients operated in the “St. Spiridon” Hospital being awarded at the International Medical Exhibition in Vienna.
There are many facts that highlight the integrity of his character, education, discipline, humanitarian spirit. Thus, at the age of 61, he voluntarily enrolled, together with his son, in the War of Independence of 1877, where he was decorated with the Star of Romania and the Crown of Romania in the highest ranks and with numerous Austrian, Polish and Russian Orders. The personality of L. Russ senior contributed to the prestige enjoyed by the Iasi medical school.
Source: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/26425676_LUDOVIC_RUSS_SENIOR_1816_-_1888_Fondator_al_scolii_iesene_de_chirurgie
Label
Born in Austria, in 1816, with a master's degree in surgery and a doctorate in medicine at the University of Halle, Ludovic Russ settled in Iasi in 1843, being employed after a year as a sub-surgeon at “St. Spiridon” Hospital and then as head of the surgical service established in 1848 on his own initiative. His exceptional activity is also noted by a new and bold orientation in the field. Thus, in the “St. Spiridon” Hospital, in addition to the existing services (reception, medical and pharmaceutical he creates a special surgery service, organized and perfected by him. The efficiency of such an initiative is demonstrated, at least statistically, by the medical reports prepared, which attest that between 1848-1852, 2073 surgeries were performed, of which 247 major operations.
Source: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/26425676_LUDOVIC_RUSS_SENIOR_1816_-_1888_Fondator_al_scolii_iesene_de_chirurgie